Brexit, was something that the world did not anticipate or bet on. It shocked the world, and the inhabitants of the United Kingdom. This referendum came with 72 percent voter turn-out, which highlights how important this issue was to the people in the UK. With Brexit, came vast confusion, protest, anger, and in a multitude of other cases happiness and relief that the United Kingdom would be able to free themselves from the bureaucracy of the European Union.
The reasons why a little over 51 percent of the voters voted leave occurred for a vast number of different reasons; however, one of the likely reasons as to why this occurred come from idea that the European Union was a dysfunctional economic entity that could not properly address the issues and crises that are still plaguing the organization from 2008. This reason is obvious why it was in the forefront in shaping the decision of the UK voters, as the European Union has already had a difficult time renegotiating the refinancing and paying of the debt crises that transpired in countries of Greece, Portugal, Ireland, Spain, and Cyprus. Many other nations in the Eurozone have blamed the poor handling of debt as a reason for stagnated economic growth for many member states of the Eurozone, including outside of the Eurozone in the UK. Brexit was also manifested because there was the growing distaste from the common people towards the “elite” class.
There is growing sentiment, not only in the UK, but around the world that the elitists must be stripped of their power, in order for this power to be returned back to the hands of the people. Lastly, Brexit happened because many of the “leave” voters felt as if there was no sense of sovereignty in their country any more. They did not want to have policies imposed on them that they felt they never had a choice in. There was swarming pushback amongst the people in the UK, that the European Union, and other multinational entities did not have the UK’s best interests at heart. The voters put their opinions to paper, as the “leave” campaigners won in an incredulously narrow referendum.
However, understanding this complex issue can not solely be explained from the viewpoint of the “leave” campaign, and to fully understand and develop one’s own opinion on the issue it is very important to acknowledge both sides of the arguments to “leave” vs. “stay” sides of the referendum.
Many of the “stay” voters felt that the UK’s economy would be negatively affected, as their free trade agreements with many countries within the EU are now completely up for question. Currently, the UK does not have to participate in the trade regulations and deals already imposed by the European Union. This will have an effect on the consumer, as the price of goods will likely increase as Brexit begins to roll itself out. It will also make it harder for the UK to participate in the economy the way they used to, because trade deals are going to need to be re-negotiated, and there is really no telling how that will work itself out.
The “remain” voters felt as though Brexit was taking the country into uncharted waters, and now the country must face the uncertainty of what unmade decisions will guide them forward from this moment. Another major argument for the “remain” group was that the immigration would become restricted under a pro-Brexit administration. This is something that has been a bit of a hot topic this year, as people across Europe have welcomed, but also felt backlash from the migrant surge from countries in the Middle East and North Africa. In more developed nations, immigrants often provide a vital source of lower-skill, lower-wage labor that economies around the world rely on. People arguing on the “remain” side believe it will be hard to maintain the labor output without immigrants. This issue also can be looked at from the moral perspective, because people on the remain side believe they should be able to provide these people a better life from what they are escaping from their home country. Now what we are seeing develop, is an intense debate about how the country will move forward with their plans of “Brexiting”, and how the country’s political, social, and economic standing will fare in the process.
Ultimately this issue was decided democratically with the people voting on whether or not they wanted to stay or leave. The campaign was very heated, much like the recent campaign in the United States, but in the end a decision was made and now the UK’s parliament must honor that decision. There is the potential for a new vote, but for now the UK must deal with the benefits and consequences of such a shocking and influential referendum. This is typical in many democratic societies, that host free elections, as many people on the losing side of the campaign often feel misrepresented. Luckily, for those on the remain side, there is the potential of another referendum occurring within the future, however this could be another example in which the “remain” group does not receive their way again.
Either way the UK must find a way to solve this issue, which they will, and draw up new plans and new rules for how they are going to go about governing themselves in the future. Ideally there can be a compromise met between the opposing parties so that the UK can remain strong and united for the future.